• Teachers need to understand language in order to teach second language learners effectively
  • Linguistics informs the teaching of phonics, spelling, reading, and grammar
  • Traditional grammar instruction does not help students develop a second language

Freeman, D., & Freeman, Y. (2004). Essential Linguistics: What You Need to Know to Teach Reading, ESL, Spelling, Phonics, and Grammar. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

Freeman, D., & Freeman, Y. (1998). Preparing Teachers to Teach About Language. In C. Weaver (Ed.), Lessons to Share: On Teaching Grammar in context (pp. 279-292). Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

Freeman, D. (1996). Putting Language Back into Language Arts: A Linguistics Course for Teachers. In K. Whitmore & Y. Goodman (Eds.), Whole Language Voices in Teacher Education (pp. 205-213). York, ME: Stenhouse.